☆ [PDF / Epub] ★ The Romanovs: The Final Chapter By Robert K. Massie ✩ – Saudionline.co.uk


The Romanovs: The Final Chapter quotes The Romanovs: The Final Chapter, litcharts The Romanovs: The Final Chapter, symbolism The Romanovs: The Final Chapter, summary shmoop The Romanovs: The Final Chapter, The Romanovs: The Final Chapter f8213ca9 In July , Nine Skeletons Were Exhumed From A Shallow Mass Grave Near Ekaterinburg, Siberia, A Few Miles From The Infamous Cellar Room Where The Last Tsar And His Family Had Been Murdered Seventy Three Years Before But Were These The Bones Of The Romanovs And If These Were Their Remains, Where Were The Bones Of The Two Younger Romanovs Supposedly Murdered With The Rest Of The Family Was Anna Anderson, Celebrated For Than Sixty Years In Newspapers, Books, And Film, Really Grand Duchess Anastasia The Romanovs Provides The Answers, Describing In Suspenseful Detail The Dramatic Efforts To Discover The Truth Pulitzer Prize Winner Robert K Massie Presents A Colorful Panorama Of Contemporary Characters, Illuminating The Major Scientific Dispute Between Russian Experts And A Team Of Americans, Whose Findings, Along With Those Of DNA Scientists From Russia, America, And Great Britain, All Contributed To Solving One Of The Great Mysteries Of The Twentieth Century


10 thoughts on “The Romanovs: The Final Chapter

  1. says:

    I have sad news Anastasia is dead Long dead She died back in 1918 in a basement with her family I am now convinced of this Despite all the movies and claimants, she did not survive and escape Meaning there is no hidden princess out there in the world No unassuming person about to be uncovered and lavished with luxuries Even crushing, the probability that I am in fact a hidden princess is greatly diminished My ten year old self is devastated In fifth grade, we had to script and act out an interview with a historical figure I chose, of course, to be Anastasia And lucky for you, I found that script hidden away in a closet While you read this excerpt from my make believe talk show called Talk It Out , you have to picture me sitting in front of the class dressed in my costume a frilly, pastel nightgown that my grandparents gave all us granddaughters for Christmas accented with some strands of fake pearls I kept my grammatical errors in tact for your further amusement Host While in a Germany nursing home you gave no identity and wouldn t show your face Why Anna Hmmm I think I was safe in Germany for nobody knew I Russian If I had given identity and shown my face They would have known I was Anastasia, I was in the royal family of Russia There would have been media, titles, and would I get back to Russia when I was in their country, their land and why go back to Russia for someone else was ruling it now And I would have the title Woman from Russia Royal Family in Germany and that is a degrace For I had no family They were dead Fast forwarding here Anna First I was thought to be my sister, Tatiana Then Anastasia Then they knew pause they knew I was Anastasia.Host Then they knew your secret Anna Yes, looks down.Reading this script makes me simultaneously cringe and smile The drama And now having read Massie s book, I realize my interview was written about Anna Anderson, a pretender who Massie convincingly shows was not in fact Anastasia Opps.I normally don t do summaries, but let me offer a few clarifications about the book s contents so you won t be caught off guard like I was It is not about how the Romanovs came to be murdered There is nothing about the Tsar s political missteps or such 1 It starts out with a chilling and succinct description of the execution itself and moves forward 2 And a surprisingly large chunk of the book is devoted to the forensic science of the case analysis of the bones, in fighting between experts, DNA testing, the ole match the skull to the picture game, and so forth Massie held my hands through the technical issues here although I was confused by the names of the fifty million people involved 3 Then there are smaller sections about the Anastasia wannabes and the surviving family members 4 It concluded by recounting the Romanov s last days before that fateful night they were murdered This set up felt odd while I was reading Yet, by the end, I could appreciate how he chose to structure the book starting with a bang, delving into the science, shifting direction to the living again, and zooming back into the personal story for some last minute poignancy It was cleverly done Unless you are really interested in Russian history specifically the Anastasia myth and or forensic science, this isn t the book for you And to save you the hassle, I will share three of the most interesting bits I took away 1 Nightmare jobsI will never complain about my job again It could be so much worse One Russian soldier was ordered to retrieve the bodies from their first hideaway at night, in the remote woods, down an abandoned mine shaft, that was flooded He just couldn t catch a break I get goose bumps imagining him wading in that frigid water up to his chest while several bloated corpses floated around, bumping into his arm Ahh Or there are also the college students charged with maceration, meaning boiling the meat off human bones They literally watch body parts swim around in a vat of boiling water until the flesh falls off and the bone expert can start his analysis According to the expert, Yes, it s a very distasteful task, but I can only recall one or two students who have been unable to handle it Yeah, that would be me too 2 Did Hollywood screw up All the movies and books nowadays focus on Anastasia It is true that the remains of one sister were not found with the main cache of remains But experts disagree which sister is missing Most think it is Anastasia But some think it is, for example, Marie 3 More I was shocked to learn the intent to which the Romanovs were murdered during that tumultuous time in Russian history Beyond the Tsar s immediate family which included Anastasia , there were at least twelve other Romanovs killed in cold blood Let s wrap up this review If you are still interested after my precautions about content, by all means, read it It is worth the effort I enjoyed Massie s style and would be open to reading another of his books about Russia, although preferably one with less science and history.


  2. says:

    At midnight, Yakov Yurovsky, the leader of the executioners, came up the stairs to awaken the family Thus begins Robert K Massie s very interesting and well researched account of the infamous murders of the Romanov family, Tsar Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra as well as their son and four daughters in the cellar of a house in Ekaterinburg, Russia in the early hours of the 17th July, 1918 Using the simplest of ploys Yurovsky had coaxed them from their bedrooms to the cellar from which there was no escape He then proceeded to line them up, assuring them that it was for a family photograph, and once nicely lined up they were massacred With them were some of their faithful retainers Eugene Botkin, Anna Demidova, Ivan Kharitonov and Alexei Trupp Eleven people were killed For as long as they thought that they could get away with it the Russian authorities denied that the royal family had been killed Eventually they admitted that Tsar Nicholas was dead, but they would not say anything about the rest of the family This is not a book about what came before, or why the Romanovs were in the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg in the first place It is assumed that the reader knows the history at least partially up to this point The book focuses on the subsequent questions and problems and how these were resolved or not Eight days after the gruesome event the Whites took Ekaterinburg and arrived at the Ipatiev House Mr Massie describes what they found There were certainly no bodies, but a few personal items of the family were still in evidence, as well as Many religious books also remained, along with a copy of War and Peace, three volumes of Chekhov, a biography of Peter the Great, a volume of Tales from Shakespeare, and Les Fables de la Fontaine Nicholas Sokolov, a professional legal instigator, was appointed to investigate Accordingly, Sokolov concluded that on July 18, the day after the execution, Yurovsky had destroyed the bodies by chopping them up with axes, dousing them repeatedly with gasoline and sulfuric acid, and burning them to ash in bonfires near the mine shafts For many years it was the accepted explanation.Eventually Sokolov s findings were questioned Bodies cannot be burned to ash over an open fire, and besides, teeth are indestructible Then in May 1979 the burial site was found by Alexander Avdonin and filmmaker Geli Ryabov, who also procured a document written by the chief assasin, Yakov Yurovsky The finding of the site was not accidental, and the author describes how they went about locating it However fear kept them from announcing their find until several years later Once Boris Yeltsin came to power permission was sought and granted to excavate the burial site where nine instead of eleven skeletons were found The finding of these skeletons caused questions than answers Were they the murdered Romanovs Who was missing, and why The bodies had been badly smashed to obliterate indications of who they were, and all clothing and jewellery Eighteen pounds of diamonds were collected, mostly from the corsets worn by three of the grand duchesses The empress was found to be wearing a belt of pearls made up of several necklaces sewed into linen had been removed by those who had disposed of the bodies DNA tests were not an option for the Russians at the time, and forensic anthropologist Sergei Abramov developed methods to ascertain whether or not the bones belonged to the Romanovs whilst a mathematician calculated probabilities Before long an American forensic anthropologist, William Maples became involved Whilst everyone was in agreement that the skeleton of the young tsarevich Alexis was missing, Abramov felt certain that the other missing skeleton belonged to Marie whereas Maples believed that it belonged to the youngest daughter, Anastasia This was not the only time that scientists would disagree about their findings.Enter Dr Peter Gill, the head of Biological Services Research of the Forensic Science Service in England who performed DNA profiling at the request of the Russians He obtained a blood sample from Prince Philip himself, which helped Dr Gill prove the identity of Alexandra and her daughters Mr Massie provides a run down of the basics of DNA profiling.All the goings on had not only captured the interest of the public, but also of a whole variety of imposters There are hilarious accounts of some of the fabricated stories One man who received a death sentence for theft suddenly remembered that he was the tsarevich Alexis Another was a successful spy, who once he became a United States citizen proclaimed that he was the tsarevich A big problem for those pretending to be Alexis Alexis had suffered from haemophilia.Then there were the women, the most notorious of whom was Anna Anderson who declared herself to be the Grand Duchess Anastasia There was even a play and a film Anna Anderson certainly captured the imagination of many Thereafter, the public, seeing pictures of Anna Anderson, complained that she did not look like Ingrid Bergman Many believed her even the famous pianist composer Sergei Rachmaninov arranged accommodation for her in a comfortable hotel Was she who she claimed to be or not Litigation ensued After Anna s death there was litigation, and DNA tests were performed on some of her body tissue samples found in a hospital Finally a verdict was announced Then came the conspiracy theories There were other scientists involved in the saga, and there had also been a conference in Ekaterinburg in which various papers were delivered and discussed Mr Massie details the interactions between the several scientists, and he also delves into the various court cases which resulted from Anderson s claim that she was Anastasia There is a discussion of who is left of the other branches of the Romanov family, and what their views and their pretensions to a non existent throne are Mr Massie closes with a chapter in which he details how the Romanov family spent the seventy eight days that they lived at the Ipatiev House prior to being summoned to the cellar There is a layout of the house, and at the back of the book there are photos of several of the people mentioned in the book The Ipatiev House was destroyed in 1977.The Romanov Family circa 1913 1914 Wikipedia


  3. says:

    Very, very good, although I must say, having read Nicholas and Alexandra previously was of immense help and is probably the best way to go about reading this.


  4. says:

    I read The Romanovs as part of my WW1 project I will say that I am normally a huge fan of Robert K Massie s books having read the extraordinary biographies, Peter the Great and Nicholas and Alexandra.In this book Massie, some twenty years after Nicholas and Alexandra was written, seeks to revise the last chapter of NA as new information came to light as part of Glasnost Massie corrects the record on how the Romanovs were killed and how their bodies were disposed of in that summer of 1918 some fifteen months after they were first imprisoned The book goes on further to discuss the endless Soviet investigations and refutes all the conspiracy theories around the executions and discredits all the imposters of the 20th century who claim they were a surviving Romanov.This book reads a little like Bugliosi s Assassination of President John F Kennedy The writing is excellent but in both books the assassination conspiracies are disproven and you come away knowing just a little about what happened but not enough to alter your perception of history.I felt the discussion around Lenin s involvement in the assassination was interesting as well as the early section of the book which highlighted the search for the impromptu burial site near Yekaterinburg, Siberia The family and a few loyal servants were executed in the basement of the Ipatiev House and quickly transported to a predetermined pit in the forest but the transport truck got bogged down in the mud making a mockery of the local Bolsheviks plan to properly dispose of the bodies It was partly a rush job because the Czech brigade and the Whites were quickly approaching the town As the opponents to the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War, the Whites were expected to liberate the Royal Family and did in fact arrive at the house just a few days after the executions 3.5 Stars Probably 4 stars for those who do not already have an understanding of the Romanov s final days.


  5. says:

    Roused from their beds at midnight, the bleary Imperial family is told they must move to the lower floors of the home in which they have been imprisoned There is worry the local unrest will result in gunfire there is a danger of stray bullets penetrating the quarters upstairs They rise They dress It all makes an inconvenient sort of sense They have heard the rumblings of artillery in the distance And so they calmly descend to a dingy basement room where they are instructed to arrange themselves for a quick photograph Rumors of their escape are circulating in Moscow These must be put to rest Yes, yes Alexandra, the mother, will sit in the one chair, her frail hemophiliac son, Alexis, will occupy the other The Tsar and his four beautiful daughters adjust around them, duly taking their posed positions.It is a surprise to find, in place of a photographer, eleven hard men entering this tightly enclosed space It is a surprise to see Yurovsky pull the scrap of paper from his pocket curious to hear him report that, due to the obstructive behavior of their relations, the Ural Executive Committee has decided on execution This is the madness of an instant no time for anything to be thought through or protested The Tsar can only say What What in his confusion before the shooting begins.Thirty gruesome minutes it took to kill these people It shouldn t have, but there are reasons for that And when the corpses were trundled out, transported, burned, buried, no one could remember exactly how this happened or where it took place Odd, but again, there are reasons for that Seventy years would pass before anyone stumbled upon those truths, long decades of rampant speculation, much of which may now be stilled.Robert Massie s The Romanovs The Final Chapter is written in the style of a hard hitting documentary and reports on the discovery of the Imperial family s remains in the swampland of Ekaterinburg He covers the ensuing disputes over identification, corrects several long held historical misapprehensions and resolves much of the mystery behind these fateful assassinations Included are biographical sketches of the most prominent pretenders Anna Anderson, Eugenia Smith, Michael Goleniewski , the disposition of the current Romanov descendants, and perspective on the impact of this event in modern day Russia.Well written and, by turns, fascinating, tragic and absurd it s a bracing read I d recommend to anyone interested in this chapter of history.


  6. says:

    This book is a departure for Robert Massie who has produced some extraordinarily readable research on the Romanovs The book is history his forte but it is also journalism and a discussion of forensic science and law.As a history buff, the beginning and ending parts were of most interest to me Massie starts with a careful documentation of the murders of the Tsar and his family and how the news was managed by the Russian revolutionaries The end deals with fate of other branches of the Romanovs Overshadowed by the drama of Ekaterinburg is that within 6 months of the death of the Tsar and his family, 17 other Romanovs and many of their attendants were killed, many within days For a good treatment of the remaining Romanovs I recommend The Flight Of The Romanovs A Family Saga.A lot of this book deals with forensic issues, the in fighting among the international scientific teams, and the legal issues involved These parts bogged me down, for my lesser interest in them than for Massie s excellent work.There was a lot of space devoted to the Anastasia pretender, Franziska Schanzkowska She certainly is important to this saga I never realized the impact she had on the Romanovs and royalty in other parts of Europe.The discussion of where they are now 1995 , which has obviously changed since this book s publication, was interesting It cleared up, for me, the rationale used by the various claimants to the throne one never knows The interview with Prince Nicholas Romanov shows him now deceased to be a voice of reason.


  7. says:

    I had hoped that this book would give an intimate look at the last days of the family and just how they got to where they were before they were killed The book did cover this very briefly, but mostly it focused on the aftermath, of finding the bones in the grave, of debunking the imposters, petty turf wars among the scientific community in their search for the truth, and petty disagreements of the remaining family members of just who is really the head of the family now that the original family is dead It seems like most of those involved forgot what was really important, the death of this family.


  8. says:

    Having just read and loved Robert K Massie s Nicholas and Alexandra, I pounced on this one with somewhat unseemly glee Alas, this was mostly about a group of academics squabbling over old bones and just it didn t grab me Bottom line spoiler view spoiler Anastasia died with the other Romanovs and the woman who claimed to be Anastasia was a phony hide spoiler


  9. says:

    I found myself disappointed in this book I probably would ve been better off to have read Nicholas Alexandra first I appreciated the amount of time put into the detail of the forensic research What I didn t like was the amount of time given to the imposters, particularly after it was revealed that they couldn t be who they said they were.


  10. says:

    I have been an avid reader of anything having to do with the Romanov family for years When I discovered this book, I must say I was ecstatic to finally see some scientific evidence pertaining to the tragic fall of the Last Tsar and his family Yes That is exactly what this book provides It describes years and years of research and archaeological work done in Russia both through historical documents and field work done in the supposed burial sites of the Romanov bodies The evidence found is fascinating and I m sure even those of you who are not particularly interested in this topic or Russian history will find this book to be captivating Robert K Massie has proven himself again to be one of the best biography authors currently out there The non fictional report reads almost like a novel and is quite difficult to put down This book is a great follow up Massie s Nicholas and Alexandra and provides even greater insight into the haunting tale of the Last of the Romanov family.


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