[PDF / Epub] ✅ Les Croisades vues par les Arabes Author Amin Maalouf – Saudionline.co.uk



10 thoughts on “Les Croisades vues par les Arabes

  1. says:

    In our society the word crusade has been largely divorced from its origins in a European invasion of the Middle East, so much so that our previous president probably didn t recognize how inflammatory this statement was This book is a solid reminder that there were two sides, and often , in that long campaign While the general public in the West barely remembers what took place in the Holy Land between 1096 and 1291, in the Muslim world the past isn t dead It isn t even past Some of the names are familiar such as Richard the Lionheart and Ghengis Khan, but of the many characters that come and go throughout the account, I have to say my impression of Saladin was most enriched Really a decent guy, that one Whereas it was common practice to kill all the men and sell the women and children into slavery when a city was taken, Saladin let everyone in Jerusalem walk out after paying a fee This after the guy defending Jerusalem broke an oath to not take up arms against Saladin and after that same guy turned down a generous offer of surrender when the eventual outcome should have been obvious to both sides Also fascinating were the many mentions of the assassins At many points throughout the story the Muslims worst enemies appeared from within and this is particularly true of this determined sect.As I alluded to above, the story of the Crusades is living history in the Muslim world, a point brought very much into focus in the excellent epilogue to this book In 1229 Al Kamil, sultan of Egypt, restored Jerusalem to Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II generating waves of criticism from the Muslim world In 1979 it was Anwar Sadat The idea of modern day Israel as a Crusader state doesn t seem so odd when you consider the Western origins of many of their citizens, particularly the most fanatic, and the amount of aid and military support supplied by the West.Well written and fascinating.PS Bush was a history major at Yale and supposedly read a lot of books while he was president He probably didn t read this one.


  2. says:

    1096 1291


  3. says:

    1096 1291 1096 .1097 .1098 .1099 70 .1100 .1101 .1104 .1108 .1109 .1110 1111 .1113 1115 .1119 .1124 .1125 .1128 .1135 .1137 .1138 .1140 .1144 .1146 .1148 .1154 .1163 1169 .1171 .1174 .1183 .1187 .1190 1192 .1193 .1204 .1218 1221 .1229 .1244 .1248 1250 .1258 .1260 .1268 .1270 .1289 .1291 .


  4. says:

    This was a challenging reading experience, and I struggle to put into words why.I loved Maalouf s reflections on identity and cultural belonging, In the Name of Identity Violence and the Need to Belong, to the extent that I read it with students several times I admired his autobiographical work Origins, which offers an explanation for his deep understanding of the diverse strands that make up an individual personality, shaped by numerous family patterns, education and personal experience.I thought I would love his well researched, brilliantly detailed account of the crusades from the perspective of the Arab world as well It promised to deliver new angles on a topic I had already studied with interest from the common European standpoint, giving me a unique opportunity to gain better insight into the other side of the story that features the origin of East West, Islam Christian clashes with lasting effects reaching into our contemporary world and history writing.I had to force myself to read on however On multiple occasions, I was about to break it off altogether Why It was not the fact that all names and events seemed strangely distorted, told without the overarching context I was used to That was quite charming, actually, once I got used to it I had no issues whatsoever with the narrative bias either, as that was what I expected and hoped for.What made me cringe, over and over again The interchangeable actors in a play filled with shortsighted power struggles, hubris, greed, stupidity and violence It does not really MATTER that the perspective has changed from a European to an Arab setting The reckless, faithless, brutal rapists and killers are just the same on both sides of the conflict Yes, it is true that the crusaders are guilty of invasion, and the Arab local community is innocent In that respect, the Christian rulers and their followers certainly are guilty than the defenders of their own territory But the outcome for the narrative is the same One sequence of treason, violence, cowardice and war after the other, with no end in sight What that means for civilians, and most of all women and children, I do not want to describe in detail Such a completely meaningless, utterly idiotic conflict, forced upon people by criminal kings and churches in Europe, carried out by armies full of violent, uneducated brutal men, claiming to be acting in the name of an all powerful god Both sides were convinced that they were divinely justified to kill and ravage according to their current political needs The book was, to be short and precise, too depressing to make a rewarding read As it focuses on the military aspects rather than on cultural questions, I missed the erudite and balanced prose that I am used to from Maalouf, and had to work my way through countless sieges, all quite similar, regardless of which side won, and which side suffered depending on occasion.I believe it is important for this book to exist, and to be read, especially by European historians, but it was hard very hard to digest.


  5. says:

    1099 90% kingdom of heaven


  6. says:

    This is what The Crusades Through Arab Eyes about European and Arab versions of the Crusades have little in common For Arabs, the twelfth and thirteen centuries were years of strenuous efforts to repel a brutal and destructive invasion by barbarian hordes Under Saladin, an unstoppable Muslim army inspired by prophets and poets finally succeeded in destroying the most popular Crusader kingdoms The memory of this great and most enduring victory ever won by a non European society against the West still lives in the minds of millions of Arabs today.Amin Maalouf has sifted through the works of a score of contemporary Arab chroniclers of the Crusades, eyewitness and often participants in the events In this ground breaking account, he retells their stories in their own vivacious style, giving us a vivid portrait of a society riven by internal conflicts and shaken by a traumatic encounter with an alien culture He retraces two critical centuries of Middle Eastern history, and offers fascinating insights into some of the forces that shape Arab and Islamic consciousness today.The reason I read this book is because I don t really know Muslim s strategies and side of the Crusades It is well researched and highly readable.I have different kind of feeling when I read this book I always reflect theirs action I ponder deeper towards my religion, Islam I hope the world will be peaceful Inshallah.There are six quotes in the book which has grabbed my attention I just find it intriguing Usman Ibn Munqidh s quote have a huge impact on me Regard Franj Behold with what obstinacy they fight for their religion, while we, Muslims, show no enthusiasm for waging holy war Saladin Every time the Franj took one fortress, they would attack another Their power mounted relentlessly until they occupied all of Syria and exiled the Muslims of that country Fakhr Al Mulk Ibn Ammar, Ruler of Tripoli I was about to being the prayer when a Franj threw himself upon me, seized me and turned my face to the East, telling me, That s how you pray Usman Ibn Munqidh, Chronicler 1095 1188 May God grant victory of Islam and not to Mahm d Who is this dog Mahm d to merit victory Nur al Mahm d, Unifier of the Arab East 1117 1174 When the master of Egypt decided to hand Jerusalem over to the Franji, a great storm of indignation all the lands of Islam Sibt Ibn al Jawzi, Arab Chronicler 1186 1256 Attacked by Mongols the Tartars in the east and by Franj in the west , the Muslims had never been in such a critical position God alone could rescue them Ibn al Ath r


  7. says:

    I honestly don t know how to regard this book On one hand it is well written, brief, perfectly readable description of crusades, seen from a unique perspective Its main strength is the fact that the author uses only Arabic, predominantly primary sources, which is invaluable for the European student of the period for a simple reason that Arabic sources so scarce to English speaking readers.At the same time I can t help but consider this book as lost opportunity Maalouf attempts to present the view from the other side of the hill , which in itself is an admirable and much needed initiative But the problem is this view is so polarized, that the content of the book becomes practically unusable on its own It is perfectly understandable that Muslims of the time regarded Crusades in absolutely negative terms However, those views are only a small part of the book Most of it consists of narrative of the author himself, who doesn t even pretend to be objective Language used by Maalouf consistently creeps uncomfortably close to modern political rhetoric and I have to admit, made it quite difficult for me to finish the book Like I initially said, I feel very split about this book, for obvious reasons If read without previous knowledge of the period or backed up by balanced descriptions, it presents extremely skewed picture of what really happened What s even frustrating, it leaves the reader with questions than answers For example, how come that Crusades came as such a surprise to the Arabs If one is to trust the perspective presented by Maalouf, then it is very easy to draw the conclusion of Crusades being completely unprovoked and uncalled for But the truth is that rapid expansion of Muslim empire encroached on primarily Christian territories and a backlash motivated by territorial, political and religious reasons should have been expected Also, why were Crusades such a traumatic event, but much brutal invasion and conquest of Arab core territories by Seljuk Turks, which took place only a couple of decades before, is hardly even mentioned by sources selected by the author Last but not least, author overlooks completely the extremely complicated political situation in the region the narrative describes strange alliances and pacts that on quite few occasions managed to over bridge religious and ethnic differences, but there is no effort to properly explain them.So what to do with this book It is absolutely worth reading and even deeper study Hopefully it s only the first attempt to bring Arabic point of view about this topic and books based on Arabic sources will follow But it cannot live on its own merits and needs to be put into proper context I would definitely recommend Runciman s classical trilogy and works about Byzantine Empire by John Norwich as a good starting point.


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  9. says:

    I came to this book after reading several of Maalouf s fiction works Even though it is a history book, it is very readable, and if it weren t for all the names, I would have thought I was reading a story He draws the main figures of the Crusades as real people, not just objects of scholarly interest I cried when Saladin died Being an Arab myself, it was hard to shake the feeling of history repeating itself, but obviously the truth is complex than that What made the book important for me is the sense that these conflicts, the struggle for unity within the ummah, with foreigners ready to jump through the smallest chink in the armor, and with our own leaders and their various quirks and weaknesses none of these are anything new The modern Middle East is just one chapter of a long history That is much realistic and reassuring story than the simplistic version of history we inherit as Arab children that we were one long lived, glorious empire until last century when everything came crashing down, all due of course to the fault of the evil West Sorry folks, it s time to grow up.This book is very much a story of leaders and great people The masses are there, when they re slaughtered or fleeing their homeland or, sometimes, valiantly resisting a siege But you do not get much of a sense of how the average person lived I would have liked to know about normal people and their normal lives, but that would have made this book longer and probably like a normal history book There s a trade off Maalouf made, for the sake of an easily digestible story In any case, I can probably find what I m looking for elsewhere.


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