[Read] ➫ Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation By Leonard W. King – Saudionline.co.uk


Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation quotes Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation, litcharts Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation, symbolism Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation, summary shmoop Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation, Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation befb6b23 The Enuma Elish Is One Of The Most Important Sources Which Provides An Understanding Of The Babylonian Worldview The Babylonian Worldview Is Centered On The Supremacy Of Marduk, And Contributes The Belief That Mankind Exists To Service God This Babylonian Creation Epic Was First Discovered By Modern Scholars In The Ruins Of An Early Library In Mosul, Iraq And Its Seven Translated Clay Tablets Are Provided To You Here In The Form Of A Paperback Book


10 thoughts on “Enuma Elish: The Seven Tablets of the History of Creation

  1. says:

    The Mesopotamian creation myth20 July 2012 When I has handed a copy of this text in Old Testament I was not sure if I had actually read it or not even thought I had the Oxford World Classic s Myths from Mesopotamia However, when I recently returned to that book to read the myths again so that I could be accurate when commenting on them, and the book as a whole, for Goodreads I discovered that the Epic of Creation , as it is called in that book, is the Enuma Elish I guess I had read it I have now read it again so I feel in a much better position to be able to write some decent comments, and in doing so I will outline the story, try to give my understanding of this story though it will be quite speculative which is likely to put me in the madhouse alongside Immanuel Velikovsky and then throw down some thoughts on its relationship to the biblical account Basically the Enuma Elish is a creation myth well, not quite, but I will say that it is to ease some confusion The story opens with the god Tiamat rebelling against the other gods, creating a race of monsters, and then setting a guy named Qingu up as the chief god and her consort I guess even in Ancient Mesopotamia the saying still holds true that behind every great man is an equally great woman Anyway, Tiamat, who is basically using Qingu as a puppet, prepares to go to war against the other gods so that she may fulfil her goal of becoming all powerful A couple of gods attempt to confront her but her power is so great that they are either defeated or flee in terror Then Marduk presents himself as the champion, confronts Tiamat, and in an epic battle, slays her Qingu is then captured and later executed for treason The gods then take Tiamut s body and from her remains create the world From the remains of Qingu they create humanity to pretty much do all of the work that they no longer wish to perform The tale then ends with a list of the gods and their role in the governance of creation While the poem seems to be fairly short I notice that the style is similar to some of the styles that appear in the Bible One interesting aspect is that the poem will repeat entire tracts that have previously been said for instance, something happens and then when somebody reports that event the entire text of that event is repeated, and then when the next person goes and reports it the entire text is repeated once again This seems to occur a number of times in Mesopotamian literature, and as mentioned though I cannot cite any passage off hand appears to be a similar style used in some of the earlier parts of the bible This obviously flags the possibility that parts of the Bible were written contemporaneously with these ancient Mesopotamian myths We must remember that all of these events occurred before the flood, so we are dealing with prehistoric accounts My theory is that the gods that are mentioned here were actually at one point real human beings, however due to time and also the nature of primitive religion, these gods had been deified and thrust into the realm of mythology One of my theories of antideluvian civilisation is that they were substantially advanced than humanity at the time that these myths were written down Take for instance the book of Genesis We learn that three generations after the fall humanity had discovered literature, music, and metallurgy, however technological development stops at that point The reason being is that the writers of Genesis had no concept of technology beyond what they understood at the time of writing So to would have the ancient Mesopotamians, and we see that in this book with references to spells and flood weapons, as well as creation of monsters and humanity out of the blood of a dead god Now, I am not ascribing the creation of humanity to a cloning vat, but I shall point to references in the earlier parts of Genesis of the sons of god and the daughters of men coming together and producing great heroes as well as giants known as Nephalim Did the antideluvians have cloning technology along with being excellent bioengineers We do not and probably will never know unless that information is revealed to us in the restoration However, it is interesting to see the possibility of how the ancients viewed potential technology far in advance of what they actually knew at the time We should also note that after Tiamat s death Marduk went out and destroyed all of Tiamat s creation My theory of how this story was elevated to mythology with the main actors being gods, is as such the Bible indicates that the reason for the fall was because humanity chose to remove God from his rightful place as ruler of creation and place themselves up there instead In a sense humanity was worshipping humanity In a primitive culture, deity is usually ascribed to the older and deceased generations, a term we refer to as ancestor worship however if you actually speak to a Christian ancestor worshipper, as I have done, we come to understand that ancestor worship is much than simply deifying your ancestors, but rather respecting their wishes and holding their memory in high regard However, as time passes and these ancestors drift into distant memory they cease to be human and instead become gods Now, with the Egyptian and Babylonian deities we notice that they take the form of animals with humanoid features, whether it be the body of an eagle and the head of a man as with Anzu, or the head of an eagle and the body of a man as with Ra These features do not necessarily indicate that that is what the deity looked like, but rather the deity has taken on an animal form to represent an aspect of their character, in the similar way that we see animals used in the Bible to represent certain qualities such as a bull representing strength and a dragon representing destruction So, by bringing them out of mythology we have an idea that maybe it is not so much the creation of the world that we are seeing but rather the development of civilisation, and the gods that we are seeing are early antideluvian human beings Now, as with our society, so with theirs, there are is ruling class and a working class, and what we have here is a rebellion amongst the ruling class Tiamat is attempting to overthrow the established order, and her army of monsters suggest that she has skills and abilities that are able to overrealm the established order much the same was that Germany s advances during World War II were to give them an advantage over the less developed allied powers However, Marduk, the champion, was able to defeat her, suggesting that the usage of her body to continue and complete creation reflects the sacking of her compound and using her technology to continue the development of civilisation In particular we see references to the setting of times and dates and it is interesting that the week is established on a seven day roster, and the month is established on a 30 day roster, which is very similar to the Biblical account As I have mentioned previously, it is my position that the biblical account will supersede all other accounts, including this one As the academic Christians like to put it, the Genesis account was handed down to stand apart from the ancient mythologies that were surrounding the Isrealite nation at the time, and the general consensus is that this was while they were either in Egypt, or after that they left I sort of disagree slightly because we must remember that the revelation appeared to a number of earlier people, including Adam and Eve which is to be discounted because it is quite likely that the events in this poem occurred after them, however would have possibly occurred before Enoch , Noah, and Abraham We will take Abraham as an example and whether Noah was alive when Abraham was alive can be debated and while I would like to think that the answer to that speculation is yes I am going to fall the other way and say no, namely because Abraham received a special revelation from God, something that probably would not have been necessary is Noah was still alive Abraham, remember, grew up in Mesopotamia, so he would have been exposed to and surrounded by these myths, which is why he received the special revelation from God, and I suspect it was a lot than simply pack up your bags go to the other side of the known world To be honest with you, we are told that Abraham was a man of Faith, but I am doubtful he was a man of blind faith A mysterious voice we actually don t know how God appeared to Abraham coming out of nowhere and telling him to pack his bags would have needed some examination as to its truth Remember, many of the men of faith in the Bible would turn to God and say if you are who you say you are, prove it to me God never asks for blind faith, that is dangerous, no, when God asks you to step out in faith, he does it in a way that we know that we can trust him such as Christ s resurrection, which was necessary to prove that Christ s death was than just the execution of a revolutionary.


  2. says:

    PROs First detailed creation myth ever found Some interesting storiesCONs Missing a ton of content Lots of gods with weird names makes it hard to follow Doesn t have a clear progressionThe Enuma Elish is the earliest creation myth ever discovered, coming from the ancient kingdom of Babylon It is probably most famous for its obvious influence on the Bible, which the Biblical authors would have plagiarized when they were in Babylonian captivity The book is nowhere near as detailed as popular myths, such as those found in the Hindu Vedas, but it still gets the job done.The main problem with the book is that it is very incomplete Many times a sentence will be cut off mid way, which makes the book confusing Other times entire sections must be skipped because we haven t recovered all the tablets If it weren t for this, I probably would have rated it much higher.


  3. says:

    The edition I had included a few other tablets such as the great deluge and some hymns to Istar that were very interesting The creation story itself is still fairly fragmented but there is a lot to be gathered from what was translatable I read both the Babylonian and the Neo Babylonian account which were still fairly similar The war in heaven theme seems to be very prominent throughout ancient history and this was no different There were some similarities to the Hebrew account of creation as well such as the dividing of the firmament, the placement of the stars and the moon and the sun in the sky and creation of man woman being interestingly taken from a bone These similarities make it an interesting comparative study.


  4. says:

    Read at also and is definitely a sense of the work being revisionist as has been noted The aim appears to be to supplant an older order often violently, though Enki Ea and to a lesser extent Enlil for instance keep an honoured place and elevate a new with Marduk at the helm, for the prevailing Babylonian pantheon at least.This is, in my view, one of the earliest surviving examples of mankind tapping into the power of cohesive narrative for this purpose the structure, specificity and completeness aimed for in the revamped account is noteworthy, and no doubt the manner of telling once had a great hold on the Babylonians as well.Of course, the Book of Genesis see distills the tale of Creation further still at its start, removing the transferral aspect which here cements Marduk s power and that of building upon the old, as well as abandoning assimilating the whole theogony in this and other fractured accounts in favour of the Israelite God, then going on to stress and dramatise intimately the connection between him and man The Enuma Elish is a colourful account on the other hand, perhaps for exactly the ways it differs from the Biblical account, and is well worth reading.


  5. says:

    Just as likely as Genesis.


  6. says:

    Although it is short and incomplete, I highly recommend the Enuma Elish because 1 An entertaining, compelling, and very advanced for its time creation myth.2 A primary source of the Biblical creation myth Nonetheless, I really wished the scorpion men and eleven monsters would have taken part in the epic fight between Marduk and Tiamat Their characters had a lot to offer and I feel they were egregiously underutilized maybe this is just the Michael Bay in me speaking.


  7. says:

    ZIUKKINNA lives in every god,he made the skies their happiness, he holds them to their bliss below the clouds dull men remember him, Even with the pdf versions being a bit lame, and the translation itself lacking originality, I am quite honored to be able to read such a masterpiece To read a text that dates back thousands of years BC AND is part of my ancient culture, is really a privilege and pride to me and I am thankful for my friend who recommended reading it.


  8. says:

    Hymnic epic text recited during New Year festivities Performed to indicate the strength of the rulers.The gods create the world with Anger, Retaliation, Brutuality, and Misogyny, all to their Honor Uhmmm So far this reading selection is the one I like the least from Myths from Mesopotamia Creation, the Flood, Gilgamesh, and Others I continue to read.


  9. says:

    When he speaks, we will all do obeisance,At his command the gods shall pay heed There are probably a few ways to read Enuma Elish, the Babylonian creation epic We could soak in the ancient Mesopotamian theology or enjoy the battle of the gods and dissemination of culture We could consider its poetry and observe the quaint veneration towards Marduk Some may even taste the mental atmosphere of the period I however see one specific purpose for this work, and feel it s most profitably read in that light Enuma Elish is political propaganda, pure and simple.Marduk was not the most powerful god of the early Mesopotamian pantheon Hell I doubt he was even included at all, and probably developed over time from a lesser deity to head honcho His ascension stems from his cult followers achieving power in Babylon As they controlled the region they put their god in control of the local religions This was done for many reasons If your god controlled the known world, you as an adherent would have legitimate rights to being in power Further, your powerful god likewise blessed your kingship and kingdom Babylon which centralizes power and reinforces your claim Have scribes doctor up some religious texts, incorporate well known creation myths into the narrative, force your people to worship the new pantheon carefully assimilated with the old and BAM Your power is now backed by sacred scripture.This scheme could only be accomplished through literature It s much difficult to create institutionalized authority by word of mouth, which depends on strength of arms The sanctification and promulgation of texts like Enuma Elish creates long lasting traditions that decide who will rule, and are difficult to break And I don t mean to single out Babylon Nearly all civilizations throughout history have pulled this trick, and some even become theocracies Christianity being the best example But this specific creation story is the earliest attempt I ve seen What makes it so repulsive is its use of literature not mere prose but epic poetry to advance a political agenda It s a rude awakening for those who see literature as strictly positive.But perhaps this is positive Being a good reader doesn t mean you have to agree with what you read It means critically and ruthlessly appraising its value, even if you enjoy it I can delight in the mythology and poetry of Enuma Elish without adhering to its tenants I can argue Ea and Enlil would have done a better job ruling the cosmos than that upstart Marduk Or, interestingly enough, I can indeed acknowledge his supremacy and spend my life worshiping him If thousands of ancient Mesopotamians did, what makes me any better This is what makes these kinds of stories worth reading We see past the beautiful language and powerful imagery for what it is rhetoric This, to many, is obvious But in our pursuit of art it s incredibly difficult to remember We become captivated by the story when we surrender ourselves to its charm We must always listen to the tiny voice lurking in the back of our minds, advising caution What makes Marduk so qualified What happened to the other gods And, of course, is any of this even true


  10. says:

    The copy I read wasn t this particular one, but a Danish one, with both this and Gilgamesh in it Which is excellent, because it gives me a means of comparing the two without having to worry about whether or not it was the translations that made me love Gilgamesh and only give this one two stars How do you rate or review a creation myth Especially one so ancient, one of the first pieces of written text that we know of Answer is you don t Instead you think of it merely as a story and go from there Or at least, that s how I think of it Where Gilgamesh had exciting battles, friendship, love and gave insight into the lives of the Sumerian people, Enuma Elish had hate, homicide and a very long list of the names of one of their gods Which in my eyes makes it a lot less interesting Gilgamesh seemed like a means of entertainment as much as a semi religious text It was written down after centuries of oral tradition of probably being recited at parties and celebrations They made students write snippets of it down from memory, it was that well known Enuma Elish on the other hand was according to the introduction in the book I read a story written down without a longstanding oral tradition, probably at the time when the statue of Marduk returned to it s rightful owners and as both a celebration of this and as sort of a means of justifying why Marduk went from an insignificant, local god, to a widely worshipped and grand one Despite the fact that it didn t have that many gaps in it, it didn t manage to capture my interest as there was hardly any story to it, coupled with not giving as much insight into the time.


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